Beekeeping How to resource including Basic Beekeeping, how to spot a queen, splitting a hive, introducing a queen, swarm removal, beekeeping links and more.

Saul Creek Apiary

Raw Honey      Pollination      VSH (Cordovan) Italian Queens


Seguin Tx



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Queen Rearing

Top Bar Hive Beekeeping

KTBH Kenyan Top Bar Hive


TBH Top Bar Hive Package Bee Installation


Top Bar Hive Beekeeping


Swarm Removal

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 How to Info

Beekeeping Basics


How to install Package Bees


Pg1.  Introduction to Beekeeping


Pg2. Setting up the hive


Pg3.  Package Installation

Beekeeping Terminology

Hive Splitting

How to light a Smoker


Swarm Traps


Using a Swarm Trap to Lure Honeybee Swarms


Honey Bee Swarm Removal by State

Bee Keeping Basics

How to Section

How to assemble a Hive Frame  P 1.

How to assemble a Hive Frame. Step by Step  Instructions for assembling wood hive frames, wiring frames for foundation and installing Wax Foundation and imbedding.

How to Wire a Frame for Foundation  P 2.

How to install Wax Foundation  P 3.

How to assemble a Bottom Board

How to assemble Hive Bodies & Honey Supers

Hive Body Shown Assembled


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Saul Creek Apiary

PO Box 928

Seguin TX, 78155




Solar Wax Melter

Solar Wax Melter with adjustable legs

Solar Wax Melter with Adjustable Legs

Solar Wax Melters are by far the most efficient way to melt down excess wax such as Cappings, Burr Comb, Damaged Foundation and Crushed Wax Comb. Years ago most Beekeeping suppliers offered high quality steel Solar Wax Melters, but over the years as Commercial Beekeepers declined in numbers high quality steel Solar Wax Melters became a thing of the past. Most small to medium operations cannot afford modern electric melters which can run upwards of $800.00.

Steel Versus Wood Solar Wax Melters:

Most Beekeeping suppliers now offer wooden Solar Wax Melters. Almost all of these Wax Melters are built from wood come unassembled and do not come with a Glass or Polyethylene Cover. Prices for these units normally run anywhere from $50.00 to $80.00. They also require the end user to paint the outer surface black as they say "Works best when painted Black". The problem with wooden Solar Wax Melters is even with the exterior painted black, wood is actually a pretty good insulator and it really has little effect on the interior temperature unlike metal that absorbs and holds the heat. Solar Wax Melters built from wood also have a very short life span as the top Glass or Polyethylene covers allow moisture to enter causing the wood to rot and deteriorate.

  Solar Wax Melter Design:

Solar Wax Melter interior seperator   Over the years Solar Wax Melters  have been built from a variety of materials including Wood, Plastic, Steel and Glass. None exceed the quality of steel for Durability and Performance. The bottom should have a V shape to allow melted wax to flow to the center. The front should have good tilt downward to allow the melted wax to flow to a central point for collection. An interior pan with a built in sediment screen should also be incorporated into the unit. A screen is a must as any wax that will be used for candles etc. will have to be re-melted to remove foreign matter. For anyone Beekeeper selling their wax foreign matter in the wax will bring lower prices.         


Solar Wax Melter Hinged Glass Cover with Built in Prop

  The interior pan should have built in veins to slow the wax flow. Too much wax flowing into the collection point can and will cause a blockage as the wax begins to cool. Many Solar Wax Melters as well as home made designs are now recommending the use of plastic or plexi-glass covers. Neither of these are as efficient as glass. No matter what cover is used a good seal is required to prevent heat from escaping which aids in keeping consistent interior temperatures.



Proper Use of a Solar Wax Melter:

Proper use of any Solar Wax Melter is required for optimum performance. Any wax placed into the melter should be free of non wax contamination such as wax moth infested wax, dirty wax with grass or dirt etc.....  . To prevent excess build up of lower grade or contaminated wax using a scraper remove any un-melted wax or matter before adding any additional wax for melting.

Melted Wax in Collection Cup after being melted with a Solar Wax Melter

Melted Wax in collection cup

(the standard wax mold was removed and replaced with a see through collection cup for visual purposes)

One of the main advantages of using a solar wax melter is that the wax is bleached from the sun each time it's run through the melter. Even extremely dark old brood comb can be melted with some success. The longer the wax stays in the melter and exposed to the sun the lighter the wax will become. Wax can be harvested anywhere from a light yellow (1 time through melter) as shown in the picture above to a light white color which can be achieved by running the wax through the melter two or more times to lighten the color.



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