Beekeeping How to resource including Basic Beekeeping, how to spot a queen, splitting a hive, introducing a queen, swarm removal, beekeeping links and more.

Saul Creek Apiary

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How to assemble a Hive Frame  P 1.

How to assemble a Hive Frame. Step by Step  Instructions for assembling wood hive frames, wiring frames for foundation and installing Wax Foundation and imbedding.

How to Wire a Frame for Foundation  P 2.

How to install Wax Foundation  P 3.

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How to Assemble a Bottom Board (Woodenware)

Step by Step Instructions for assembling a Bottom Board

Welcome to Saul Creek Apiaries " How to assemble a Bottom Board ". Most manufactured Bottom Boards are assembled in the same way but may vary according depending the manufacturer. The bottom board we are going to assemble is a 6 piece design and is the same for standard 10 Frame Equipment as well as 8 Frame or Nucleus Bottom Boards.

Note:  The Bottom board woodenware shown on this page was manufactured by Saul Creek Apiary and may differ slightly from other manufacturers. If your woodenware "Bottom Board" came with manufacturers instructions they should be followed.

Assembly Note:  It is a good idea before applying Glue and or Nailing the pieces together that you dry assemble the Bottom Board to insure all pieces are present and to make sure all pieces fit properly. It is possible to assemble the Bottom Board incorrectly as many of the pieces will fit together in the wrong position.

Step 1.

Place all pieces flat out in front of you to make sure all the pieces needed to assemble the Bottom Board are present. Locate the three grooved rails (2) side rails and (1) end rail. Rails should be pre drilled to help prevent splitting the rails when nailing the pieces together.

Bottom Board Pieces Pre-Drilled and laid out for assembly

Step 2.

Locate a side rail. Run a bead of glue inside the rail along the entire length of the side rail.

Side Rail laid out ready for assembly

Side and End Rails being Glued before fitting solid flat bottom boards and being nailed

Step 3.

Locate (Board #1) of (3) flat bottom boards and place into the grove on the side rail as shown. Make sure the board sits flush with the end of the side rail (DO NOT nail in place)

Flat solid Bottom Board placed in side rail

Step 4.


On the inside of the first solid flat Bottom Board run a bead of glue down the surface that will contact board number (Board #2) as shown in the picture below.

Bottom Board inner edge being glued

Step 5.

Locate and place the second (Board #2) flat solid Bottom Board in the rail and against the first Bottom Board. Using a small hammer tap the boards together making sure there is little to no gap between the two boards .(DO NOT nail in place)

Second flat solid Bottom Board glued and in position

Step 6.

Run a bead of glue along the inner surface of Board #2 as shown in the picture below.

Board # 2 being glued

Step 7.

Locate and place the remaining flat solid bottom board (Board #3) in the side rail against Board #2. All three boards should fit tight against each other (DO NOT nail in place).

Step 8.

Locate the remaining side rail and place a bead of glue along the inside of the grove. Place the side rail along the top of the bottom boards as shown in the picture below.

Side Rail glued and assembled to the bottom board

Step 9.

Making sure the side rails sit evenly with the front of the flat bottom boards, nail one nail through the side rail and into the (#1) flat bottom board. Next making sure all the bottom boards are fitted tightly against each other, place a nail through the side rail and into the (#3) bottom board.

Step 10.

Next flip the Bottom Board assembly over and repeat Step 9. Nail the remaining nails through the side rail into the bottom boards and flip the assembly over and finish nailing.

Step 11.

Locate the remaining grooved end rail and place a bead of glue along the grove. Glue and place the end rail over the end of the bottom board making sure that the end sits inside and flush with the two side rails. Nail in place.

Paint all exterior surfaces with a quality exterior grade house paint.


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